We are not experts on the endemic mammals of Madagascar. If you find a misidentification here, please contact us and we will correct it.
Southern bamboo lemur, Hapalemur meridionalis
At Andasibe, the grey bamboo lemur (Eastern lesser bamboo lemur), Hapalemur griseus (three subspecies) feeds mainly on bamboo.
Brown lemurs: (12 species)
At Manafiafy, the collared brown lemur (red-collared brown lemur), Eulemur collaris.
At Andasibe, the common brown lemur, Eulemur fulvus, has short dense brown or grey-brown fur with a dark grey or black face, muzzle, and crown with paler eyebrow patches, and orange eyes.
Red-fronted brown lemur, Eulemur rufifrons, is native to the dry lowland forests of south-central Madagascar.
The Mongoose lemur, Eulemur mongoz, is native to northwest Madagascar.
The black-and-white ruffed lemur found at Andasibe, Varecia varieagata (three subspecies) eats mainly fruit, nectar, leaves, and some seeds. It is known for its loud raucous calls. They live in multi-male multi-female groups and build nests for newborn infants, the only primate to do so, and carry them by mouth.
The ring-tailed lemur, Lemur catta, is called "maky" in the Malagasy language ("maki" in French). They live in gallery forest and spiny forest areas in southern Madagascar, They are omnivorous, territorial, highly social, and active only during the daytime.
Ringtail lemur grooming.
The indri, Indri indri, is one of the largest living lemurs. They are related to sifakas. Indris have large greenish eyes, a black face, round fuzzy ears, and very short tails. They have silky black fur with white patches along the limbs, crown, and lower back. Indris make loud wailing territorial calls, sounding like fire engine sirens. Indris, which do not survive in captivity, are found in the lowland and montane forests of eastern Madagascar.
Sifakas are great jumpers and climbers but are very awkward on the ground, where they are not able to walk but must hop sideways, sometimes referred to as "dancing".
The verreaux's or white sifaka, Propithecus verreauxi (4 subspecies), lives in the spiny forest. It has thick silky white fur with brown on the sides, the top of the head, and on the arms. This species is endangered.
Verreaux's sifaka eating.
The diademed sifaka (simpona, simpony, ankomba joby) found at Andasibe, Propithecus diadema, is an endangered species endemic to the east-central lowland rainforests of Madagascar. It has long silky fur. White fur surrounds the muzzle and covers the cheeks. The face is dark grey to black. Crown fur is black. Hands and feet are black. It is one of the world's largest living lemurs.
The crowned sifaka, Propithecus coronatus, is native to west-central Madagascar's mangrove and riparian forests. It has a creamy-white body and tail, golden-brown shoulders, upper chest, and back, dark brown or black head, and white ear tufts. The face is dark grey, sometimes lighter at the bridge of the nose.
The Coquerel's sifaka, Propithecus coquereli, is native to northwest Madagascar's dry deciduous forests. It has a white back and tail, maroon patches on the chest and limbs, a black or brown face with white fur along the bridge of the nose, and naked black ears. The hands and feet are black. The thighs, arms, and chest are dark brown, and the eyes are yellow or orange.
Mouse lemurs (21 species):
The grey mouse lemur, Microcebus murinus, is the largest mouse lemur. It is nocturnal and arboreal. It eats fruit, insects, flowers, and nectar. It is one of Madagascar's most abundant small native mammals, found throughout southern and western Madagascar.
The Brown mouse lemur at Andasibe, Microcebus rufus, is brown on its dorsal (back) side and whitish-grey on its ventral (front) side. They are short-lived for a primate, living only 6-8 years, solitary, and nocturnal.
Dwarf lemurs (7 species):
At Andasibe, the greater dwarf lemur, Cheirogaleus major, lives in forest and dry scrub areas and is nocturnal. It has short dense grey or reddish-brown fur with dark circles around the eyes.
The fat-tailed dwarf lemur (lesser dwarf lemur, western fat-tailed dwarf lemur, spiny forest dwarf lemur, thick-tailed dwarf lemur), Chaeirgaleus medius, is the only primate which hibernates (estivates), sleeping for the winter in tree holes for up to seven months. They are very long-lived for such a small animal, up to thirty years. While hibenating the animal relies on the fat stored in its tail for energy. They are nocturnal, eating insects, fruits, and flowers.
Woolly lemur (9 species):
Southern woolly lemurs (Southern avahi), Avahi meridonalis, are the smallest indriid lemurs. Their fur is short and woolly. They are found in the Sainte Luce forest.
The fossa, Cryptoprocta ferox, a cat-like animal endemic to Madagascar, is the island's largest carnivore.
The Madagascar Flying fox (fruit bat), Pteropus rufus, is found in subtropical or tropical forests and feeds on nectar, blossoms, pollen, and fruit, especially figs. It is Madagascar's largest bat.
Flying fox grooming itself.
©2016 Mermaid Underwater Photographic. All Rights Reserved.
Contact us at email@example.com.
Last modified 14 June 2016