Aldabra, the "Galapagos of the Indian Ocean", was the focus of our second visit to the Seychelles. The atoll lies 622 miles southwest of Mahe, 400 miles east of Africa, and 260 miles northwest of Madagascar. Aldabra is the most remote and least touched of the islands of the Seychelles. Arab traders discovered the atoll in the 9th or 10th century. The name Aldabra is probably a corruption of the Arabic "Al Khadra" ("The Green"). It first appeared on a Portuguese map in 1509 as "Al Hadara".
Aldabra is a raised limestone coral atoll. There are two distinct terraces at 13 feet and 27 feet above current sea level marking ancient sea levels. The total land area is 59 square miles. There are four main islands: Picard (West Island, home to a dozen or so research scientists), Polymnie, Malabar, and Grande Terre (South Island). The huge lagoon empties almost completely at low tide and fills to a depth of about three meters through four channels. The resulting currents are fierce; Jacques Cousteau's famous "Calypso" was nearly wrecked here. The island is rough, sharp uplifted limestone rock. The undercut islets in the lagoon are mushroom-shaped. The marine life is very rich.
Aldabra is home to about 180,000 Aldabra giant tortoises, Aldabracholys gigantea, the only remaining place these animals are still found outside of the Galapagos Islands. The reptiles average about 110 pounds and live 65 to 90 years or longer. It is also a major green sea turtle, Chelonia mydas, nesting site. Coconut, or robber, crabs, Birgus latro, are common. The mangrove areas in the lagoon house huge frigate bird colonies. Aldabra is also home to the last remaining flightless bird of the Indian Ocean, the white-throated rail, Dryolimnas cuvieri aldabranus.
A joint British and American plan to build a military base and broadcasting station for the British Indian Ocean Territories (Aldabra, Desroches, Farquhar, and Diego Garcia) on Aldabra was finally thwarted in 1967, partially due to the influence of Jacques Cousteau (the base was built on Diego Garcia instead), and Aldabra was declared a Unesco World Heritage Site. It was opened to tourism in December, 1991.
Bluefin trevally, Caranx melampygus
Black-backed butterflyfish, Chaetodon melannotus
Sweetlips, Plectorhinchus cf playfairi
Brown-marbled grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus
Marbled grouper, Epinephelus polyphekadion
Malabar grouper, Epinephelus malabarius, with common cleaner wrasse, Labroides dimidiatus
Surgeonfish, Acanthurus sp.
Indian doublebar goatfish, Parupeneus trifasciatus
One-spot snapper, Lutjanus monostigma
Jewel fairy basslet, Pseudanthias squamipinnis
Marcia's fairy basslet, Pseudanthias marcia
Flathead scorpionfish, Scorpaenopsis oxycephalus
Blacktip grouper, Epinephelus fasciatus
Forster's hawkfish, Paracirrhites forsteri
Blotched hawkfish, Cirrhitichthys aprinus
Common cleaner wrasse, Labroides dimidiatus, on giant moray, Gymnothorax javanicus
Cardinalfish, Apogon sp.
Puffer, Arothron sp.
Scythe triggerfish, Sufflamen cf bursa
Yellow sweepers, Parapriacanthus ransonneti
Elegant phyllidia, Phyllidia elegans
Pyjama slug, Chromodoris quadricolor
Varicose wart slug, Phyllidia varicosa
Meyer's butterflyfish, Chaetodon meyersi
Phantom bannerfish, Heniochus pleuritaenia
Moorish idol, Zanclus comutus
Northern Indian anemonefish, Amphiprion sebae
Skunk anemonefish, Amphiprion akallopsis
Painted spiny lobster, Panulirus versicolor
Comoros spider conch, Lambis lambis
Giant clam, Tridacna gigas
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Last modified 15 February 2018