Madagascar Photo Gallery: Reptiles and Amphibians

Madagascar has more than three hundred species of reptiles, 90% of which are endemic, as well as a huge variety of frogs. We are not experts on these animals; if you find we have misidentified an animal, contact us and we will correct it.


Chameleons have two or three forward-facing and two or three rearward-facing toes on each foot. They have very long tongues, crests or horns on their heads, and most species have a prehensile tail. Their eyes are independently mobile and can focus independently, providing stereoscopic vision of their prey if the reptile focuses both eyes forward. Half of all two hundred or so chameleon species are endemic to Madagascar.

Dwarf chameleon, Brookesia sp.

dwarf chameleon dwarf chameleon dwarf chameleon dwarf chameleon

Panther chameleon, Furcifer pardalis, green and red, may have a white stripe along body axis.

chameleon chameleon closeup chameleon closeup chameleon head-on

chameleon chameleon chameleon chameleon chameleon

Furcifer sp. (probably female Furcifer pardalis)

chameleon chameleon chameleon closeup chameleon head-first

Furcifer oustaleti:

chameleon chameleon chameleon chameleon

Calumma sp.

chameleon chameleon

Calumma brevicorne:

chameleon chameleon chameleon

Nose-horned chameleon, Calumma malthe:

chameleon chameleon chameleon

Calumma malthe female (?):

chameleon chameleon chameleon

Calumma sp.:


Short-nosed chameleon, Calumma gastrotaenia:

chameleon chameleon

Parson's chameleon, Calumma parsonii:

chameleon chameleon chameleon chameleon chameleon chameleon closeup


There are over 1500 species of geckos.

Madagascar day decko, Phelsuma madagascariensis madagascariensis, is found in eastern madagascar rainforests. It eats insects, fruits, and nectar. The animal is green or blue-green with a rust-colored stripe from the nostril to behind the eye. Up to 22cm long (8.7"). Brown or red spots on back.


Phelsuma modesta

gecko gecko

Ocelot gecko, Paroedura pictus, also called the Madagascar ground gecko, is a noctural ground-dwelling gecko found in leaf litter. The animal is brown with black markings and is 10-15 cm (4-6") long. It is fairly shy.


Phelsuma quadriocellata:


Leaf-tailed geckos are endemic to Madagascar and its coastal islands. They are nocturnal insectivores. There are at least twelve species.

Henkel's leaf-tailed gecko, Uroplatus henkeli

leaf-tailed gecko leaf-tailed gecko leaf-tailed gecko leaf-tailed gecko leaf-tailed gecko closeup leaf-tailed gecko on tree

Nile crocodile, Crocodylus niloctus:

croc two crocs croc


Madagascar has more than eighty snake species, none dangerous to humans.

Leioheterodon modestus:

snake head of snake

Cat-eyed snake, Madagascarophis colubrinus

snake head of snake head of snake snake

Surprisingly, there are boas in Madagascar; their closest relatives are in the South Pacific and the Amazon Basin.

Sanzinia madagascariensis:

snake snake head of snake

Madagascar ground boa, Acrantophis madagascariensis

ground boa Paul with boa head of boa

Compsophis vinckei:

snake head of snake


The radiated tortoise, Astrochelys radiata, is native to southern Madagascar.



Plated lizard, Zonosaurus ornatus

plated lizard plated lizard

Chalarodon madagascariensis

lizard lizard lizard

Zonosaurus madagascariensis



Trachylepis elegans

skink skink skink closeup

Trachylepis aureopunctata

skink skink

Trachylepis gravenhorstii:




tree frog tree frog




frog frog closeup



Gephyromantis boulengeri:

frog frog

Boophis pyrrhus:

frog frog calling



Gephyromantis sculpturatus:


Stumpffia tetradactyla:

frog frog

Mantella baroni:

colorful frog





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Last modified 27 March 2016