Madagascar has more than three hundred species of reptiles, 90% of which are endemic, as well as a huge variety of frogs. We are not experts on these animals; if you find we have misidentified an animal, contact us and we will correct it.
Chameleons have two or three forward-facing and two or three rearward-facing toes on each foot. They have very long tongues, crests or horns on their heads, and most species have a prehensile tail. Their eyes are independently mobile and can focus independently, providing stereoscopic vision of their prey if the reptile focuses both eyes forward. Half of all two hundred or so chameleon species are endemic to Madagascar.
Dwarf chameleon, Brookesia sp.
Panther chameleon, Furcifer pardalis, green and red, may have a white stripe along body axis.
Furcifer sp. (probably female Furcifer pardalis)
Nose-horned chameleon, Calumma malthe:
Calumma malthe female (?):
Short-nosed chameleon, Calumma gastrotaenia:
Parson's chameleon, Calumma parsonii:
There are over 1500 species of geckos.
Madagascar day decko, Phelsuma madagascariensis madagascariensis, is found in eastern madagascar rainforests. It eats insects, fruits, and nectar. The animal is green or blue-green with a rust-colored stripe from the nostril to behind the eye. Up to 22cm long (8.7"). Brown or red spots on back.
Ocelot gecko, Paroedura pictus, also called the Madagascar ground gecko, is a noctural ground-dwelling gecko found in leaf litter. The animal is brown with black markings and is 10-15 cm (4-6") long. It is fairly shy.
Leaf-tailed geckos are endemic to Madagascar and its coastal islands. They are nocturnal insectivores. There are at least twelve species.
Henkel's leaf-tailed gecko, Uroplatus henkeli
Nile crocodile, Crocodylus niloctus:
Madagascar has more than eighty snake species, none dangerous to humans.
Cat-eyed snake, Madagascarophis colubrinus
Surprisingly, there are boas in Madagascar; their closest relatives are in the South Pacific and the Amazon Basin.
Madagascar ground boa, Acrantophis madagascariensis
The radiated tortoise, Astrochelys radiata, is native to southern Madagascar.
Plated lizard, Zonosaurus ornatus
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Last modified 27 March 2016