We are not experts on Madagascar invertebrates. If we have misidentified something or if you know the species names for something we could not identify, contact us and we will correct it.
Butterflies and moths: Madagascar has 297 species of butterflies, 210 of which are endemic. Most of them are diurnal. And it also has 2680 known moth species, mostly nocturnal.
Dark grass blue (African grass blue), Zizeeria knysna, is found in Africa, Cyprus, and the Iberian Peninsula.
Common smoky blue (smoky bean Cupid), Euchrysops malathana, is found in southwestern Arabia, Africa south of the Sahara, and Madagascar.
Small grass yellow, Eurema brigitta, is found in India, Australia, and Africa.
Plain tiger (African monarch), Danaus chrysippus orientis, is very common, found in Asia, Africa, and southern Europe.
African swallowtail (mocker swallowtail, flying handkerchief), Papilio dardanus, is found throughout sub-Saharan Africa.
Common leopard (spotted rustic), Phalanta phalanta aethiopica, found in sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia. They love sun and avoid shade.
Common zebra blue, Leptotes pirithous
Acraea ranavalona, found in Madagascar and Comoros.
Acraea lia, found in Madagascar, Comoros, Mayotte, and Ajouan in grasslands.
Brilliant blue, Juonia rhadama, is found in Madagascar, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Reunion, and Astove Island in the Seychelles.
Graphium cyrnus is found in Madagascar forests.
Anthene princeps smithii
Bees and wasps:
Flatid leaf bugs, adults and nymphs. The nymphs exude a white waxy substance that grows up from the animal like wispy feathers.
Praying mantis, Empusa sp.
The giraffe weevil, Trachclophorus giraffa, is endemic to Madagascar. The neck of the male is two or three times longer than that of the female and is used in nest bulding and fighting.
Spiders: Most Madagascar spiders are endemic.
Jumping spider, Beata lineata
Wolf spider, Lycosa madagascariensis
Wolf spider, Arctosa atroventrosa, is nocturnal.
Viridasius fasciatus, noctural and endemic to Madagascar
Northern golden orb weaver (giant golden orb weaver), Nephila pilipes malagassa
Leaf-curling sac spiders, Clubiona hofmanni
Long-winged kite spider, Gasteracantha versicolor, is found in southern, eastern, and central Africa as well as Madagascar.
Net-throwing spider (net-casting spider, gladiator spider, ogre-faced spider), Deinopis madagascariensis
Pill millipedes (Sphaerotherium sp.):
Scorpions are the only dangerous animals on Madagascar. All Madagascar scorpions are endemic.
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Last modified 1 March 2018